1. About the department
The term community medicine came into reality in 1968 in England when it was instituted by an Act of Parliament in every medical school. Since then it possessed a growing global interest as it encompasses the previously known concepts and elements of the public health, preventive medicine, community health and social medicine sciences. As well the term is used interchangeably with “Family Medicine”. Community medicine is being recognized by Nile College as one of the key dimensions of its mission “dedication to community development through sound policies, provision of high quality educational and service resources as well as upholding multi-cultural values and heritage”.
Therefore the department, aims at producing a community oriented medical graduate who is able to:
1. Interpret and conceive community medicine as an integral part of other medical and health sciences.
2. Analyze the social determinants of health including but not limited to culture, values, moral, ethics etc and how they link to the wellbeing of an individual & the community in general.
3. Use scientific approaches and tools with focus on epidemiological studies, community based research and routine information systems to identify the major health problems in the community and set appropriate interventions/ programs to overcome these problems including organizing appropriate health services with focus on primary health care.
4. Act as a proactive team player and as an agent of change in his/her society.
5. Act as an educator and teacher.
Main areas of study covered
The teaching programme covers the following areas:
1. Basic epidemiology and biostatistics
2. Prevention & control of prevalent diseases
3. Primary health care interventions in response to the context of Sudan
4. Concept of Family medicine emphasizing PHC
5. Principles of Health Management based on district health
6. Student’s Projects on “Research for Public Health”
Research interests & activities
Research for health is an ever growing science that’s central, not only to improving the health of population but to economic growth and development of all countries. Building indigenous capacities at all levels is the main strategy to develop research in a country. Recognizing this, COMD emphasizes research as part of the teaching programme as well as it looks at partnering opportunities with interested national/international academic, service provider and specialized research institutes focusing on “ improving programmes implementation through embedded research” with the objective of improving health systems and overall population’s health.
2. Department staff
COMD is still at its infancy stage of development. It has one full time staff as associate professor, one part-time as assistant professor and one teaching assistant. Recruitment of more staff is under process.
As the teaching programme is based in major areas on national /international health interventions addressing priority health problems , the COMD usually seeks contributions from national programme managers or international experts working for specialized agencies such as WHO and UNICEF.
3. Research activities
Students of fifth year have been guided to develop small scale research projects in public health. Eight projects were selected by students who worked in groups of seven to eight members. The experience was successful and was assessed by an external assessor.
4. External relations
Currently, the department has joint activities with Ministry of Health trying to introduce public health programmes in the teaching curricula. Example is integrated management of childhood illnesses. Other agreements with national and international institutes is under process.
5. Department activities
As the department has recently recruited full time staff, therefore it has not yet established extra-curricular events. However students have joined health days in villages and squares in rural Khartoum.
6. Resources & Links
1. Centre for Disease Control
2. London school for hygiene and tropical medicine
7. Contact information
- Dr.Sumaia Mohamed Al Fadil, MBBS
- Head-Department of Community Medicine